BLACK AND WHITE MAGIC
Every Balinese believes that his body, like an electric battery, accumulates a magic energy called sakti that enables him to withstand the attacks of evil powers, human or supernatural, that seek constantly to undermine his magic health. This sakti is not o than others; they become the priests, witch-doctors, and so forth, endowed with supernatural powers. The sakti can be trained to serve them at will by the systematic study of the arts of magic and meditation, but people whose hearts are contaminated by evil use the magic science to harm, their enemies, or simply to satisfy their lowest instincts.
The Balinese use the term sakti like our " holy " or " sacred," but meaning, rather, charged with a magic (positive or negative) power that emanates from people as well as from objects like Rangda and Barong masks, or from places regarded as magically dangerous (tenget or angker), like caves, rivers, and ancient remains. One often hears of the sakti' of living people who could hardly be regarded as holy, like our coffee-dealer Makatjung; I was told of an old prince who was-so sakti he could floor anyone by simply staring at him.
The normal way to bring out the dormant sakti is to undergo mawinten the initiation ceremony of priests, magicians ' dancers, and actors, to give them the luck, beauty, cleverness, and personal charm that enable them to be successful. Story-tellers and singers of epic poems (kekawin) have magic syllables inscribed on their tongues with honey to make their voices sweet. The ceremony is performed by a priest who, after cleansing and purifying the person through a maweda, writes invisible signs over his forehead, eyes, teeth, shoulders, arms, and so forth, with the 'stem of a flower dipped in holy water.
An explanation of the Balinese attitude in regard to personal magic can be found in the principle that constantly obsesses them -strong and weak, clean and unclean. Thus, the individual is magically strengthened when be is in the state of psychic purity (ening, sutji, nirmala) acquired through the performance of the cleansing ritual. The antithesis of this is the often mentioned sebel condition, uncleanliness, when a run-down soul renders one vulnerable to the attacks of evil. A person becomes sebel automatically at the death of relatives, during illness or menstruation, after having children, and so forth. In cases of bestiality, temple vandalism, incest, the birth of twins of each sex; the entire community becomes polluted and has to be purified by complicated and expensive sacrifices. Not even the deities are free from becoming sebel, and, like any other woman, Rangda and the death goddess Durga are sebel once every month.
The ancient Indian idea that a positive force, when temporarily distorted and reversed, is turned into an evil, negative power is the backbone of the magic science of Bali. Even the gods have phases of wickedness, their krodha or rodra manifestations, when a creative spirit becomes a fearful deity of death and destruction. Siwa in his angry form is, Kala, and Uma, Siwa's wife, becomes Durga; Wisnumurti or Brabmamurti are the krodha manifestations of the gods Wisnu or Brahma, and the average Balinese has come to regard them as many-armed, ten-beaded demons of mythology, because their freakish appearance is incompatible with his idea of divinity. The notion remains, however, that a formula of magic intended to give the spiritual health for which they strive, if turned backwards (as in the case of Rangda's book on magic), becomes a powerful source of evil magic. Thus magic is sharply divided into good magic of the " right," penengen, and magic of the ". left," pengiwa, black and evil; both based on the same principles and almost identical in procedure.
& Maintained by:
Lisa P.A Zimmerman,PhD. Albert Zimmerman,MA. Putu Agung,M.Eng. Kirsten Parson,M.Eng. Joost MK,M.Eng. Brian Widjaja,SKom, Lhukie Ridwan,SKom & Friends
contact us at: email@example.com
http://www.geocities.com/bali_info_4u/The most complete information about Bali,Bali hotels and accommodation,Bali holidays,Bali weddings,Bali villas and Bali travel site